Isaac C. Parker Appointed

President Ulysses S. Grant appointed Isaac C. Parker, a former congressman from Missouri, the federal judge for the Western District of Arkansas, headquartered in Fort Smith.
Judge Parker in His Courtroom on 6th Street in New Building, Fort Smith, AR . Courtesy of the National Park Service.
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In Re Neagle

The Supreme Court ruled in favor of U.S. Marshal David Neagle. Neagle shot and killed David Terry while defending U.S. Supreme Court Justice Stephen Field from an attack.
Newspaper headline, Daily Alta California, August 17, 1889. California Digital Newspaper Collection.
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Marshals in China


In 1906, U.S. Marshals began serving the consular courts in China. They remained in China until 1943.

Assistant Deputy Badge for the U.S. Marshals in China. Courtesy of the U.S. Marshals Service.
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End of the Fee System


U.S. Marshals and most deputies were put on salary. Before 1896, Deputy U.S. Marshals were paid on a fee system (they received a certain amount of money for each task completed), and the U.S.

Deputy U.S. Marshals, Fort Smith, AR. Courtesy of the Fort Smith National Historic Site.
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Posse Comitatus Act


An appropriation act of June 18, 1878 prohibited marshals from using the military as part of a posse. This lessened the effectiveness of U.S.

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Shoot out at the O.K. Corral


The famous October 1881 shoot out in Tombstone, AZ was the result of a feud between the Earp brothers and the Cowboys gang.

Tombstone in Boothill Cemetery, Tombstone, AZ. Courtesy of the Library of Congress.
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Frederick Douglass Appointed U.S. Marshal


Famed black abolitionist Frederick Douglass was named Marshal for the District of Columbia by President Rutherford B. Hayes in 1877. He was the first African American to be appointed a U.S.

Marshal Douglass in his office at city hall. Courtesy of the Library of Congress.
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